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RESEARCH

Past Research Projects

Since its establishment, the Center has completed numerous major research projects on different aspects of Philippine and Third World societies and states, including their political economies, social movements, local politics, education, foreign relations, laws, cultures, and ideologies. The studies were done either through the independent efforts of the Center or in collaboration with other institutions such as the United Nations University, the UN-ESCAP Joint Unit on Transnational Corporations, the United Nations Development Programme-Philippines, NOVIB, Freidrich Naumann Foundation, the US Agency for International Development, the Social Sciences and Philosophy Research Foundation, the Southeast Asian Studies and Regional Exchange Program, the Toyota Foundation and the UP Center for Integrative and Development Studies.

Past research projects include:

  1. Ha Pagtindog han Bungto: Improvising Local Governance and The Actual Utilization of LDRRMFs in Yolanda-Ravaged Leyte and Eastern Samar

    The unprecedented devastation left by Typhoon Yolanda last November 2013 and the state in which the local government units (LGUs) found themselves in its aftermath offer opportunities to examine hardest hit LGUs of disaster-struck areas, describe and understand their response and improvisation in times of disasters, and to analyze their actual utilization of local calamity funds or the Local Disaster Risk Reduction Management Funds. This OVCRD (SOS)-funded project aims to provide baseline data on how select municipalities, namely, Palo in Leyte and Balangiga in Eastern Samar, have utilized their LDRRMFs to address the socio-economic impact of the super typhoon. The LDRRMF is a critical source of funding for LGUs in ensuring disaster risk management. Given the catastrophic scale of the typhoon, the LDRRMF's actual use by the affected provinces of Leyte and Eastern Samar cannot be overemphasized. This research seeks to find answers to the following questions: When state institutions and actors are as severely affected as the constituency that they are supposed to serve, what mechanisms of power and order operate in their stead? How are these improvised configurations of local authority formed? How have municipalities of Palo and Balangiga utilized their LDRRMF allocations especially in the aftermath of Typhoon Yolanda? By examining weak spots in the laws and policies that structure the access and disbursement of the LDRRMF and analyzing actual fund utilization in these case study sites, this study provides insights for the upcoming "sunset review" of the use and effectivity of the LDRRMFs.

    For more information, please contact the coordinator.

  2. Consuming Piracy: Globalization, Digital Piracy, and Everyday Life

    Funded by SEASREP, this project aims to design a proposal to do a full-length research on the consumption of pirated DVDs (digital video discs) in the Philippines and Indonesia. The project is an attempt tp fray into a different aspect of globalization, one that involves the everyday consumption of goods and the micro-politics that accompany such widespread practice.

    For more information, please contact the coordinator.

  3. Developing a Human Security Index for the Philippines: An Exploratory Study of Human Security in Conflict Areas

    Funded by the United Nations Development Programme-Conflict Prevention and Peace-Building Programme and the UN Act for Peace Programme in Mindanao, this project resulted in a proposed human security index (HSI) for the Philippines that could serve as an indispensable planning and evaluation tool for government and non-government groups alike to assess the human security situation as well as threats to human security in the country. This proposed HSI was be based on available literature on human security as well as Filipinos' own perceptions of the concept, particularly in relation to their specific circumstances. The output of the project can be viewed here.

    For more information, please contact the coordinator.

  4. Examining the Impact of and Responses to Globalization of Agricultural Communities: Lessons from Community Responses to the Patenting of Plant Varieties in Bilar, Bohol

    This research project funded by the SEASREP Foundation examines the impact of and responses to globalization of three local communities in the Philippines and two communities in Thailand. Using "everyday politics" as a framework of analysis, this research also looks into the courses of action taken by people and civil society groups in the communities in response to the effects of globalization. Participating researchers include former TWSC Director Dr. Maria Ela L. Atienza, Dr. Ruth Lusterio-Rico (UP Department of Political Science), Dr. Mary Joy Arguillas (UP Department of Sociology), Dr. Chantana Wungaeo (Chulalongkorn University), and Nik Abdul Rakib Bin Nik Hassan (Prince of Songkla University).

    For more information, please contact the coordinator.

  5. Mendiola Narratives: Memories of Mobilizations and Confrontations with the State

    In this research, a biography of a site and a collection of narratives of social movement actors serve as the infrastructure of social memory. This research surfaces and records in audiovisual format the personal narratives of those who were once witnesses and participants to protest actions in Mendiola. Mendiola is the name of the street that leads directly to the Malacañang Palace, the seat of the Philippine presidency. Since the 1960s, Mendiola continues to be the foremost site of physical confrontation between social movement actors waging protests and the state. Generations of social movement actors have braved bullets and barricades in the street of Mendiola just to be able to put forward their grievances within shouting distance of the Philippine president. Mendiola then is a palimpsest on which many stories and deeds of activism, of the Filipinos untiring quest for justice, have been inscribed─some of which in blood. It is the task of this research to encourage social movement actors to articulate their stories of Mendiola. The proposed research makes visible their refusal to forget the injustices suffered by the Filipinos at the hand of their own government and the resolute stance that the Filipinos have taken to speak truth to power.

    For more information, please contact the coordinator.

    View the transcripts and videos of the Mendiola Narratives interviews here

  6. The Decade-Long Membership of the Philippines in the World Trade Organization

    It has been more than ten years since the Philippines signed into the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade-Uruguay Round. Yet, there has been no objective, systematic assessment on what the country has achieved in the multilateral arena of international trade. This research-publication on the decade-long membership of the Philippines in the World Trade Organization intends to fill gaps in research on the implementation of WTO-based policies by offering political economy perspective to the discourse. With heuristic tools drawn from different social science disciplines, the research reinforces the position of the university in trade policymaking issues.

    For more information, please contact the coordinator.

  7. Global Civil Society Movements: Dynamics in International Campaigns and National Implementation

    This study of select civil society movements is part of the larger project of United Nations Reasearch Institute for Social Development for understanding the dynamics of social movements in both international and national level contexts. Such dynamics is examined not only in terms of actual initiatives and campaigns but also of the structures and processes underlying the interactions at local, national and transnational contexts of the movements. [ more ]

  8. Marxism in the Philippines

    The TWSC has always been associated to Marxist theorizing. This concern is motivated, among other things, by the question of radical perspectives as framework for analyzing Philippine political economy and its relevance to political praxis. Sixteen years after its seminal Marxism in the Philippines second series, the TWSC returns to this concern once again against the backdrop of severe economic crisis, politics of polarization, and neoliberal project of economic globalization. Revisiting Marxism is likewise an occasion for scholars and activists to re-examine Marxism (and its Filipino variant) in light of the growing importance of competing views–notably gender, nation, ethnicity, and religion.

    For more information, please contact the coordinator.

  9. State-Civil Society Relations in the Context of Globalization (2004-2005)
  10. Philippine Civil Society and the Globalization Discourse (2001–2003)
  11. People’s Initiatives: Engaging the State in Local Communities in the Philippines and Thailand (2000–2001)
  12. Philippine Democracy Agenda (1995-1997)
  13. Policy Issues, Responses and Constituencies: Exploring State-Civil Society Relations In Policy-Making (1993–1994)
  14. State of the Filipino People (1991–1992)
  15. Political Dictionary for Community Organizers (1989–1991)
  16. Development Cooperation: The Philippine Experience, 1978–1988 (1989)
  17. Class, Clan and Coalitions: Transformation of Local Political Elites in Two Municipalities (Malabon and Navotas) (1988)
  18. The Status of Trade Union and Democratic Rights in the Asia-Pacific Region (1986)
  19. Transnationalization, the State and the People's Movements (1986–1987)
  20. Transnational Corporations in the Food and Beverage Industry: Focus on Coca-Cola and McDonald's Corporations (1981–1982)
  21. Transnational Corporations and the Philippine Banana Export Industry (1980-1981)

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